People

Shared directly from the Narragansett Indian Tribe’s official website:

Historical Perspective of the Narragansett Indian Tribe

The Narragansett Indians are the descendants of the aboriginal people of the State of Rhode Island. Archaeological evidence and the oral history of the Narragansett People establish their existence in this region more than 30,000 years ago. This history transcends all written documentaries and is present upon the faces of rock formations and through oral history. The first documented contact with the Indians of Rhode Island took place in 1524 when Giovanni de Verrazano visited Narragansett Bay and described a large Indian population, living by agriculture and hunting, and organized under powerful “kings.”

The Tribe and its members were considered warriors within the region. The Narragansett customarily offered protection to smaller tribes in the area. Certain Nipmuck bands, the Niantics, Wampanoag, and Manisseans all paid tribute to the Narragansett tribe. These tribes all resided in areas of Rhode Island at the time of the first European settlement around 1635. In 1636, Roger Williams acquired land use rights to Providence from the Narragansett Sachems. The colonists quickly came into contact with both the Narragansett and Niantic Sachems.

Historically, tribal members had two homes; a winter home and a summer home.  The winter home would be called a long house in which up to 20 families would live in over the cold winter months. During the summer, the tribe would move to the shore and construct Wigwams or Wetus, temporary shelter made of bark on the outside and woven mats on the inside. They would dig out large canoes from trees which could hold up to forty men.

King Philip’s War and the Great Swamp Massacre

In 1675, the Narragansett allied themselves with King Philip and the Wampanoag Sachem, to support the Wampanoag Tribe’s efforts to reclaim land in Massachusetts. In the Great Swamp Massacre, a military force of Puritans from Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, and Connecticut massacred a group of Narragansett, mostly women, children, and elderly men living at an Indian winter camp in the Great Swamp located in present day South Kingstown.

Following the massacre, many of the remaining Narragansett retreated deep into the forest and swamp lands in the southern area of the State. (Much of this area now makes up today’s Reservation).

Many who refused to be subjected to the authority of the United Colonies left the area or were hunted down and killed. Some were sold into slavery in the Caribbean, others migrated to upstate New York and many went to Brotherton, Wisconsin.

To learn more about the preservation of the Narragansett Tribe, including detribalization, reservations, reclaiming of land, federal recognition, the Tribe today, nationhood, and tribal genealogy, please see the Tribe’s website HERE and/or visit the Tomaquag Musuem.

To identify a person from North Kingstown's history and see their occupation, click the first letter of their Last Name, below:

  1. A-B
  2. C-E
  3. F-L
  4. M-R
  5. S
  6. T-Z
Name Occupation

A

 
Aborn, Samuel Shipwright
Allen, Christopher Mill Owner
Allen, Daniel G. Kent Academy Principal
Allen, George Farmer
Allen, John Stone Merchant
Allen, John (son of James) Tinsmith/Farmer
Allen, Thomas Yeoman
Allen, William Merchant
Arnold, George Grist Mill Operator
Arnold, James Farmer
Arnold, James H. Livery Stable
Arnold, Warren G. Farmer
Austin, Fones Farmer
Austin, Henry W. Farmer
Aylesworth, Lyman Farmer

B

 
Babcock, Joseph B. Mariner/Capt.
Bailey, Daniel Mariner/Capt.
Bailey, George Mariner/Capt.
Baker, Abel S. Mariner/Capt.
Baker, Amos Mariner/Capt.
Baker, Benjamin Mariner/Capt.
Baker, David S. Mariner/Capt.
Baker, John V. Mariner/Capt.
Baker, Joseph W. Mariner/Capt.
Baker, Joshua C. Mariner/Capt.
Baker, Lodowick N. Merchant/Trader
Baker, Nicholas Coal Dealer
Baker, Samuel S. Mariner/Capt.
Baker, Thomas A. Cook
Baker, Thomas S. Mariner/Capt.
Baker, William Mariner/Capt.
Barney, Richard Mariner/Capt.
Bennet, Peleg Mariner/Capt.
Bissell, David Mariner/Capt.
Bissell, Thomas Jr. Goldsmith
Boone, Roger Mariner/Capt.
Brayman, James B. Butcher/Iceman
Briggs, Paul Merchant
Brown, Joseph Road Surveyor
Brown, Mary E. V. Teacher
Brown, Oliver R. Blacksmith
Brown, Simeon Mariner/Capt.
Bullock, Jabez Cabinetmaker
Burlingame, James Farmer